The city of Florence is located north of Rome and is far 200 miles from the current capital of Italy. Both cities share in common the fact of being crossed by a river, but what really makes them different in terms of geolocation is that Rome is positioned on seven hills, whereas Florence is gathered at the bottom of a valley. Therefore the climate that affects Florence is more continental and humid than the one that touches Rome.
This said, Florence has almost 2000 years of history and grew up from a Roman military outpost whose remains are still under Piazza della Signoria. There are a lot of stereotypes about Florence monuments and that depends on the culture of the travel organizer and on the information that the buyer gathers before making the trip. My Tours in Rome would like to list in this post the best places to see in this town that has only 300 thousands inhabitants and is easily manageable on foot.
– FLORENCE IS NOT ONLY PIAZZA DELLA SIGNORIA
If it is true that Piazza della Signoria is the political and administrative center of the city, Florence has much more to offer such as incredible churches, museums and even houses where famous Italian poets and writers lived. Remember also that Florence was the capital of the kingdom of Italy before Rome at the time of wars for the Independence and the unification process of the 19th century.
– THE IMPORTANCE OF THE UFFIZI
The Uffizi was primarily the main archival office (where the name “Uffizi” comes from) of the Medici family and was built with the purpose of linking those offices with Pitti Palace through the Vasari’s Corridor. After the unification of Italy the entire building has been converted into a museum that houses an impressive collection of Italian Renaissance art, among which the Primavera and the Venus both by Botticelli.
– MICHELANGELO’S LIFE IN FLORENCE
Michelangelo spent half of his life in Rome and half in Florence. In Florence there are several masterpieces that he carved: the David, which is located at the Accademia Museum and the tombs of the Medici in the sacristy of the church of San Lorenzo. One of the three Pieta’s that he carved is located in Florence as well; it also must be remembered that his remains are preserved in Florence, precisely in the church of Santa Croce.
– GET TO KNOW MORE ABOUT DANTE ALIGHIERI
Although Dante is buried in Ravenna, his birthplace in Florence is still there and open to the public. If you decide to walk from Piazza della Signoria to Santa Croce, there is the chance to pass by the house of Dante Alighieri, the main poet of the Italian literature. Dante was born in Florence in 1265 and died in 1321. He is the author of the “Comedy” and of other treatises in Latin that discuss the role of the monarchy in the Italian peninsula and foresaw the Unification that took place 500 years after his death.
– VISIT THE BARGELLO MUSEUM
The Bargello is an incredible place where visitors can admire famous statues such as the David by Donatello and the Saint Sebastian carved by Bernini in the seventeenth century. The Bargello conveys an aura of solemnity and reverence for the Italian masters who improved their anatomic studies in Florence before generating masterpieces that we can admire still today.
– THE CITY WALLS IN FLORENCE
Before the 12th century Florence did not need nor had city walls. As Italy started being crossed by European troops who took the chance to sack the Italian towns, Florentines kept their treasures protected by erecting a massive wall that surrounded the main districts of the Tuscan capital. These walls were also used to split the population in half at the moment of the civil wars between Guelphs and Ghibellines whose conflict drove out in exile Dante in the year 1301.
As you can see, in Florence there are still places off the beaten paths, such as the house of Dante and the city walls and we all encourage to visit these places to have a more complete grasp of the capital of the Renaissance world.